The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system. The term mansab literally means position, status or rank, but in context of the structure of the Mughal administration it indicated the rank of mansabdar- that is holder of mansab - in the official hierarchy. The origins of the Mansabdari system, however, can be traced back to Changez Khan. Then, it was first introduced by Babur in North India. The mansabdars constituted the ruling section in the imperial structure. The Mansabdars were said to be the pillars of the Mughal administration; the entire nobility, in fact belonged to mansabs; among them one or the other held a mansab.
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The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system. The term mansab literally means position, status or rank, but in context of the structure of the Mughal administration it indicated the rank of mansabdar- that is holder of mansab - in the official hierarchy. The origins of the Mansabdari system, however, can be traced back to Changez Khan. Then, it was first introduced by Babur in North India.
The mansabdars constituted the ruling section in the imperial structure. The Mansabdars were said to be the pillars of the Mughal administration; the entire nobility, in fact belonged to mansabs; among them one or the other held a mansab.
Mansabdari system was nothing but a system of nobles or mansabdars under which a mansabdar or noble was granted the rights to hold a jaguar which meant revenue assignments not the land itself for services rendered by them, but the authority bestowed upon them was not unbridled but with the direct control of these nobles in the hands of the king. As above-mentioned mansabdars were paid either in cash naqd or in the form of assignments of areas of land jagir out of which they had the entitlement to collect the land revenue and all other taxes through an authority appointed by the emperor.
The revenue that was generated through their jagir was handed over to them and the same was deducted from their salary. Those who received pay in cash were known as naqdi and those paid through assignments of jagirs were called jagirdars. Thus the mansabdari system became an integral part of the agrarian and the jagirdari system of Mughal administration under Akbar. As institutional framework of mansabdari existed in both military organization and civil administration the mansabdars were transferred from the civil administration to the military department and vice versa.
List of the Great Mughal Emperors of India. The mansab or rank was designated by dual representation - one by personal rank called zat and the other by cavalry rank called sawar. To elaborate it further, a mansabdar was given rupees one thousand additional allowance if he had received the rank of five hundred sawars.
Furthermore, the duties of a mansabdar were not in accordance with the mansab or position he held. For a mansabdar, higher rank did not necessarily mean a higher post. For instance, Raja Man Singh was not a minister and still enjoyed a higher rank than Abul Fazal who was a minister in the court of Emperor. The emperor was the sole authority that conferred, decreased, increased and resumed the mansab.
He also granted promotions to those who displayed their prowess in military service. The officers were granted territorial commands in return for the military service. They had to bring in some fixed number of men-at-arms, horses and elephants to the field and accordingly were rated on the basis of the numbers which was known as Zats. So they were called Mansabdars of 10, 20, , and and so on.
Classification of Mansabdari System. Broadly, there were three categories among the mansabdars. Those holding ranks below zat were known as mansabdars, those holding ranks of more than zat that, but below 2, zat were named amirs and fall in the second category. In the administration, the third category was of amir-i-umda or amir-i-azam or omrahs -those mansabdars who holding the ranks of 2, zat and more.
The lowest rank holder was provided with 10 mansabs. Mansingh,the first Mansabdar of zats and Bhagwan Das with zats ,enjoyed the privileged positions in the Mansabdari system of the empire. It is noteworthy that most of the Mansabdars were foreigners or were of Central Asian, Turk, Persian and Afghan origin, though there were also a small number of Indians who also got appointments as mansabdars.
During Mughal Akbar's reign the mansabs ranks ranged from 10 to 5, troops. Later on, the highest number of mansabs was raised from 10, to 12,; thus there was no fixed number of mansabdars.
Mughal Empire: Contribution in Arts and Architecture. It kept on changing from Akbar to Aurangzeb. This law or rule was known as zabti. The son of a mansabdar, if he was granted a mansab, had to begin his tenure as mansabdar afresh as per the rules and regulations imposed on him by the emperor. Hence, the Mansabdari System of Mughal was a complex system.
Its efficient functioning depended upon a number of factors, including the proper functioning of dagh branding system and of the jagirdari system. Study Material on Indian Medieval History. Study at Home.
School Board. Current Affairs. Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system. Here, we are giving complete information on how the mechanism of the Mansabdari System used in Mughal Administration. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations.
Mansabdari System – Explained in Layman’s Terms
Mansabdari System was the bureaucratic administration system of the Mughal Rulers in India. The bureaucratic administration of Mughals in India was based on a system called Mansabdari System. One of their postings is as collectors. They are in charge of revenue administration at the district level. You can compare the collectors of the modern era with the Mansabdars of the Mughal era. Both IAS officers and Mansabdars are government officials — part of the administrative bureaucratic framework. A person wishing to join the royal service had to petition through a noble, who presented a tajwiz to the emperor.
Mansabdari System as Introduced by Akbar
Akbar had developed a new administrative machinery and revenue system, which were maintained by the subsequent Mughal Emperors with minor modifications. The Mansabdari System , as it developed under the Mughals, was a distinctive and unique system. The origins of the Mansabdari system, however, can be traced back to Changez Khan. There is, however, a controversy regarding the Mansabdari system i. From the available evidence, it appears that this system had been initiated by Akbar in
Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration
Therefore, Mansabdar means an officer or the holder of the rank, status, and post. Before Akbar, there was no division of civil and military functions of the state. The soldiers had to fight in war and also perform duty of police in the state. Akbar introduced a new system for regulating imperial services which was called Mansabdari system.
Mansabdari System of Mughals and Rajasthan
The word mansab is of Arabic origin meaning rank or position. The system determined the rank and status of a government official and military generals. Every civil and military officer was given a mansab, which determined their salaries and allowances. The term manasabadar means a person having a mansab. In the mansabdari system founded by Akbar, the mansabdars were military commanders, high civil and military officers, and provincial governors. Those mansabdars whose rank was one thousand or below were called Amir , while those above 1, were called Amir-al Kabir Great Amir. Some great Amirs whose ranks were above 5, were also given the title of Amir-al Umara Amir of Amirs.