In light of the current situation the Muslim Ummah is facing in the West, it is evident that there is a pressing need for a better understanding of how the Muslims should live as a minority in a non-Muslim society. Tags: The Maccan Minority. As many of us are Muslims living in the west, how do we view the non-Muslims living amongst us here? Are they all harbis? Is their blood and wealth halaal? Are they considered to be combatants or non-combatants?
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Share via:. But his influence has lived on into the Islamic State era, enhanced by his status as a martyr for Islam in the eyes of his admirers.
His massive internet presence has turned up as a factor in several attacks since his death, including most recently the San Bernardino shootings and the Orlando nightclub attack as well as a significant number of terrorism cases on both sides of the Atlantic.
In retrospect, his fascination with al-Awlaki appears to be a significant milepost on the path that ended with 49 killed at the Pulse nightclub, the deadliest shooting by a single gunman in U. For years, when an American or a Canadian or a Briton has turned up in jihadist terrorism, investigators have routinely discovered a long trail of al-Awlaki material on his computer.
Ordered by President Barack Obama after a secret legal review, the volley of missiles that killed al-Awlaki marked an historic moment. Whether applauded or condemned, it was the first deliberate killing of a U. In a major speech on the drone campaign at the National Defense University in , Obama compared his decision to target al-Awlaki to a justified police shooting. But what has also become abundantly clear is that killing al-Awlaki did not put an end to his most important role as online recruiter for global jihad.
No figure in jihadist propaganda has eclipsed his well-established brand. And Awlaki provides that mood music. But remarkably, the opposite happened. In the age of the online video, popular figures can live on digitally as they never could before. His appeal and influence have transcended divisions between the global jihadist powerhouses and persist in the Islamic State era. More alarmingly, he appears to have had a decisive influence in several of the most lethal attacks.
There was also a link to al-Awlaki in the San Bernardino shootings. Syed Farook, who shot up a work meeting and killed 14, was a devotee of al-Awlaki. His neighbor Enrique Marquez, who was charged with complicity in the murders, told the FBI that he and Farook had spent many hours watching al-Awlaki videos and had followed the bomb-making instruction in Inspire magazine.
Anwar al-Awlaki Inspire magazine. Farook, like Orlando shooter Omar Mateen, clearly saw no contradiction in following al-Awlaki and admiring the Islamic State. Instead, in these recent cases, al-Awlaki appears to have served as a sort of bridge, carrying fervent young believers from mainstream Islam to the apocalyptic violence of Raqqa. Listening to it, one could be momentarily baffled. Some passages sounded up-to-the-minute, as if al-Awlaki had been resurrected to comment on the latest news from Syria and Iraq, praising the creation of the Islamic State and remarking on its importance.
The idea of establishing the Islamic rule and establishing khilafah on earth now is not anymore talk—it is action. In April, the U. The group likewise lionized the late Usama bin Ladin, while directing only ridicule to his charisma-challenged successor, Ayman al-Zawahiri. Along with his American acolyte Samir Khan, he began to urge young followers to stay at home and mount attacks there, praising the U.
Kill the disbeliever whether he is civilian or military, for they have the same ruling. Both of them are disbelievers. As an established jihadist brand, al-Awlaki has drawn support far beyond his initial base in the English-speaking West.
In , a Bangladesh-born Briton who worked for British Airways, Rajib Karim, was convicted of conspiring with al-Awlaki, who had exchanged emails with him about how to smuggle bombs past airport security. In New York City, prosecutors unveiled charges against a year-old Bronx man, Sajmir Alimehmeti, accused of repeatedly attempting to travel to Syria to fight for the self-described caliphate. Alimehmeti is Albanian by heritage; Warsame and his friends are Somali. But both found the Islamic State and its brand of garish violence, prophetic religion, and righteous adventure to be irresistible.
And there was something else these recruits had in common: a devotion to al-Awlaki. The criminal complaint against Alimehmeti said FBI agents had found six audio clips of al-Awlaki lectures on his laptop. To be sure, the notoriety of al-Awlaki almost certainly introduces some degree of selection bias into such observations. But in the world of online extremism, celebrity matters. By contrast with some jihadist preachers, he was not a screamer, adopting instead an earnest, explanatory manner, playing the popular young professor.
Not a serious scholar, he was nonetheless an omnivorous consumer of Islamic history and texts and an unequalled popularizer. He was also prolific. He appears to have lived his entire professional life before audio or video recorders.
His early audio lectures on the life of the Prophet Muhammad were sold in a CD box. Critically—and unlike every other prominent extremist—he enjoyed a long, successful career as a mainstream preacher and lecturer before he gradually embraced extremism and violence. And today, all of his material is jumbled together, mixed and remixed and posted online. For a new convert to Islam or a Muslim taking a new interest in the faith, al-Awlaki can provide an inspiring introduction to Islamic history, a grounding in the basics of the faith, and clerical advice on everything from marital strife to overeating.
And in other, later material that is equally available, he argues that is always a mistake to trust non-Muslims, that the United States is at war with Islam, and that to be true to his faith, any Muslim has the obligation to fight the United States and the other purported enemies of Islam.
A posthumous article in Inspire magazine in , plausibly attributed to al-Awlaki, took the argument still further. He says that at some future time, there will no kuffar , or non-believers. It is a noxious message that figured in the online education of many jihadis.
It is interesting to ask how al-Awlaki, had he survived, might have reacted to the announcement of the caliphate in June and the naming of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as caliph. He was working in Yemen under the leadership of Nasser al-Wuhayshi, a former personal secretary to bin Ladin. The same qualities have preserved, even enlarged, his influence in the age of the Islamic State. And if one of you wishes and tries hard to reach the Islamic State, then one of us wishes to be in your place to hurt the Crusaders day and night without sleeping, and terrorize them so that the neighbor fears his neighbor.
The effect is much greater, it always embarrasses the enemy, and these type of individual decision-making attacks are nearly impossible for them to contain. Citations  Mohammed A. Pham, cr, Southern District of New York. Alimehtmeti, mj, Southern District of New York. Warsame, cr, District of Minnesota. Alimehtmeti, Complaint, p.
The Anwar al-Awlaki who impressed me as a teenager
Cageprisoners presents an exclusive interview with Imam Anwar al-Awlaki. Imam Anwar was released from custody on the 12th of December , having spent a year and a half behind bars. On what grounds were you held? Were there any charges made against you?
The Enduring Influence of Anwar al-Awlaki in the Age of the Islamic State
He has beautifully and most eloquently narrated the life of Muhammad saw. Imam Anwar Awlaki starts from scratch explaining the meaning of the word seerah and then he goes onto explain the importance of studying seerah in 9 points. The best thing about this series is that he has narrated hadiths from Bukhari, Muslim etc…. As he narrates, he clears up many misconceptions about Muhammad saw in the minds of non muslims and many muslims as well. Like why he married young Aisha ra, why he married Zainub ra and why he fought the jews of Medina. I felt the need to have this series in written form as well, for easy reference and to find exactly what you are looking for the in lecture. So I have started to transcribe his lecture This is an extremely slow process but Inshallah i plan to complete all the cds.
The Maccan Minority
T he American-Yemeni preacher Anwar al-Awlaki has been declared a prime suspect in the cargo plane bomb plot. This is the latest in a series of allegations levelled against Awlaki, who is thought by US officials to be at the helm of a serious al-Qaida threat emerging from Yemen. Awlaki had exchanged emails with Fort Hood gunman Major Nidal Malik Hassan , and was suspected of mentoring Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab — the London student who allegedly attempted to detonate explosives on a flight to Detroit. The US response to these allegations has been aggressive and some would claim unconstitutional. I knew Awlaki as a minor celebrity on the Islamic conference circuit when I was in my teens.