HLURB would like to acknowledge the assistance of the following in the preparation of this. Guide book for their active participation in the various consultations conducted nationwide:. Requi to Bellosillo, En. Special thanks to the Project Team composed of both the central and regional officers and staff. Finally, we also would like to convey our sincere appreciation to those whose names may.
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Ver 1. Chapter 2: Introduction to GIS 2. Chapter 4: Methods - Procedures - Case Studies 4. Chapter 6: Templates Downloables 6. Chapter 7: Training 7. Today land-use planning has expanded to include the development, implementation and evaluation of a wide range of policies, while at the same time continuing its underlying focus on community well-being.
The field of land-use planning is experiencing such fundamental changes that are having a profound impact on the use of computer-based models in planning practice and education. One of these key changes is the dramatically increased availability of powerful and easy-to-use Geographic Information System s GIS software and hardware. An appropriately designed, funded and staffed GIS is able to present complex relationships in a simple and easily understood scenario.
The information products of a GIS are invaluable to the expert and layman alike. With an ever increasing need to automate and streamline information flows within the organization, the role of computers, computer networks and the necessary support to maintain a digital infrastructure is essential. However, there is a casually quoted statistic that roughly half of all GIS implementations fail. Most failures are related to institutional issues, resistance to change, lack of political support, insufficient funding, and the fact that GIS innovation results in a radical change in information converted by Web2PDFConvert.
Most assessments of GIS implementation success have focused on developed countries, where user support for hardware and software, availability of trained GIS professionals, and access to a reliable power supply are not problems. The considerations relevant for any GIS implementation are compounded by additional circumstances and constraints in developing countries. Even when a GIS can be well executed from a technical point of view, project design strongly influences the effectiveness of the use of the information products that are generated.
The timing of the user needs assessment, training, data collection, pilot phasing, and full project implementation, are critical to gaining institutional support and to ultimate project success. An awareness of land-use data products and analysis capabilities typically needs to be engendered in end-users at the outset so that the use of these products can be maximized fully.
The user needs assessment is a vital component of GIS implementation within a municipality. Thoroughly exploring potential data sources, integrating the GIS with more traditional information management within the municipality, and promoting an understanding of land use information and analysis capabilities early-on are critical to project success.
It is also important to have sufficient political support within the host institution to make the GIS installation a welcome change from the existing system of information management. GIS-based land-use planning tools can be used to more thoughtfully design everything from specific plans to zoning ordinances.
They are also useful for eliciting and enjoining public participation not only in land use planning but also in land use decisions and visioning projects.
The basic analytical methods of GIS tools include: Establishing a benchmark measurement of existing conditions to allow decision makers to see where the problems lie. By applying the guidelines found in the GIS Cookbook, the LGU will be able to avoid the major uncertainties usually encountered in setting up the system. The guidelines will also make the CLUP preparation process more transparent and interesting for all stakeholders. The Guidelines are presented in a web based format on the Internet: www.
It succeeds the Mapping Guidelines, found in the previous set of Guidelines, for a municipality that is interested to test GIS as a land-use planning instrument. The GIS Cookbook is the product of the various series of consultations and workshops held nationwide involving a multidisciplinary crosssection of potential users of the book, ranging from the LGUs, the national government agencies involved in planning, the academe, to those private individuals and institutions involved in the planning profession.
The various drafts have gone through these participative sessions after which comments and recommendations have been incorporated wherever applicable and feasible. A condensed write-up of the comments made during these consultative workshops is available for cross-reference. The publication of the CLUP GIS Guidebook is a landmark in local planning and development, a field that has gone a long way since the early 70s when land use planning was first placed mainstream into local development.
Since then, Philippine municipalities and cities have gone through various stages of development, guided by their comprehensive land use plans CLUPs that were prepared in accordance with their mandates and in partnership with national government agencies, particularly the converted by Web2PDFConvert. Through the years, CLUPs have undergone several amendments and revisions. It would be safe to say that most CLUPs at this stage are now in their third or fourth generation of iterations.
These guidelines, presented in the form of serialized thematic manuals, have also been updated as lessons from the field were integrated in the planning process. To date, HLURB has revised some of these manuals and consolidated them into one volume, with a ground-breaking new volume is off the press.
For the active participation of the Municipalities of Ormoc and Laurel. Planning and Development Research Foundation, Inc. Special thanks to both Central and Regional Staffs of the Board for their kind cooperation in the provision of necessary inputs, comments and suggestions during the seemingly endless discussions. Finally, we also would like to convey our sincere appreciation to those whose names may not appear in the list but have greatly contributed in the completion of this Guidebook.
The guidelines consist of:. It opens the door to a flexible planning process and documentation in relation to the municipal profile, that enables those predominantly rural municipalities to gather only those information applicable and necessary for the formulation of their respective CLUPs, without having to undergo the same in-depth analysis and sophistication in the planning documentation and process as those highly urbanized cities and municipalities, which are more likely to face competing and conflicting land uses that will also generate more sophisticated geographic information products.
This guidebook is made in compliance to the proposed flow and changes in the CLUP sector studies. A digital version can be provided on a CD at cost price. Part Two is the Toolbox which is a compendium of detailed instructions, templates, forms and dummies that will be of help in the actual work.
The Textbook is made up of the following chapters:. It shows the advantages of using GIS in local governance specifically in the city and municipal levels, and particularly in the CLUP preparation process. Chapter 7: Training This includes useful materials and tutorials to be used for skills development training. Chapter 8: Software This provides a selection of software that will be useful to access the Guidelines.
Chapter Glossary and List of Abbreviations This contains the technical terms and acronyms used in Volume 3. It consists of tables, graphs and maps in both digital and paper-based formats.
For more information about IPs, refer to Chapter 3. Examples of IPs are found in Chapter 3. A complete set of IP descriptions are included in the Toolbox, Chapters 4. The data that needs to be captured is outlined in the Toolbox, Chapter 5. To prepare an IP, data needs to be gathered, stored and presented in a way that is easy to comprehend by the CLUP stakeholders.
The CLUP attribute data is compiled in a number of tables. There are also some tables known as the Optional tables that might be useful based on the specific profile, size, etc. A list of tables with prioritized Key and extensive Optional data is included in the Toolbox, Chapter 5. The data is collected from the different sources, either from secondary sources or through primary field surveys conducted by the respective LGUs. The IP describes how the data should be gathered.
Case studies on how to implement primary fields surveys are found in the Toolbox, Chapter 4. The spatial data is stored in GIS-format. It is recommended that standardized 10 symbology, legend and map layout formats are used. The respective IPs provide the recommended Symbology and Legend to be used.
Recommendations on layout and dimensions for printed maps are found in Chapter 5. It is generally intended for municipalities with minimal incomes, and whose CLUP formulation will involve only a minimum of data requirements and basic analysis.
Practical GIS knowledge is most valuable; however it is just one of the several requisite tools that the planner needs in performing his job. In addition, the planner should have the capability to manage and monitor the activities in the preparation of the CLUP, the skills to advocate for and present the Plan to officials and the public, and the proficiency to negotiate and synthesize opposing interests in the planning process.
These are all requisites to a CLUP process that will contribute to rational land use decision-making. The survey results showed that less than 30 out of 1, surveyed LGUs, have functional GIS systems, and these are predominantly high income cities see Map below. This covers about LGUs. It can be found in the Toolbox, Chapter 6. This volume provides the stepwise process of formulating the CLUP. Volume 1 summarizes the rationale for land use planning and the need for the CLUP.
It also identifies and describes the steps in the process of CLUP preparation. The step-wise process given in Volume 1 is shown as follows:. It should be noted that some of the steps in the process shown in the above CLUP Process illustration, need not be sequential but can be done simultaneously, such as Steps 2, 3, and 4.
And since some of these Steps will need more graphic displays of data than the others, it is important to exercise wider flexibility in order to maximize the time needed in the whole process. For example, if there is no available digital base map or baseline data yet, Step 4 can proceed simultaneously with Steps 2 and 3 as this requires a lengthier period to prepare.
This is shown in the illustration below. They consist of tables, graphs and maps in both digital and paper-based formats. The GIS Cookbook provides the guidelines for the procurement of sustainable hardware, software, development of human resources and possible consultant involvement. Information Products for Step 4 — Analyzing the Situation Step 4 of the planning process - Situation Analysis - basically answers the question: Where are we now? It is both analytical and. Assessment consists of technical and participatory methods.
Suggestions to address issues and concerns can also be derived from this exercise. It is essential to have the Base Map readily available as soon as possible to facilitate sectoral data gathering and analysis. It is also necessary to prepare the demographic data upon which the baseline studies and sectoral analyses for education, health, transport, agriculture, etc.
It is recommended that only one population projection be used for all the sectoral studies. In general there is a lack of accurate current data for municipal land use planning, and much time is needed to acquire data for the CLUP planning.
With regard to data, see the distinction between Key and Optional indicators in Chapter 3. Once the scope of data requirements has been determined, the data gathering activities should proceed per specifications, and the primary surveys and secondary data acquisition from the respective converted by Web2PDFConvert. In this case, demographic information is presented in Excel format as tables and graphs see tables in Chapter 5. Other basic demographic data are broken down to Barangays, and this may be elaborated in GIS format see table in Chapter 5.
Furthermore, the data extracted from these layers can be used as components of the baseline studies in this step and in Step 5.
For example, when analyzing the provision of health services, the current and projected population data will be matched with the planning standards and the current availability of basic health facilities.
The locations of service facilities such as schools, health clinics, etc.
Hlurb Clup Guidebook Vol 3 07312015 - Word
The CLUP guidelines were updated in compliance with two 2 landmark national laws, the Climate Change Act of and the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of , which require the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in all national and local development plans including the CLUP. In response to these needs, the CLUP Guidebook has adopted the ridge-toreef or integrated watershed ecosystems management framework to emphasize the interrelationship between the upland, lowland and coastal ecosystems. The guidebooks have also integrated special areas and thematic concerns such as ancestral domain, biodiversity, heritage, urban design and green growth in the land use planning process to ensure the conservation and sustainable management of these critical elements. Everyone is enjoined to utilize the guidebooks in the formulation and development of local land use plans that are not only forward looking but also adaptive and resilient to our constantly changing environment. Acknowledgement The HLURB hereby acknowledges all the individuals and groups that have contributed to the preparation and successful completion of this Guidebook.
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