Male germ cells have a unique morphology and function to facilitate fertilization. Sperm deoxyribonucleic acid DNA is highly condensed to protect the paternal genome during transfer from male to oocyte. Sperm cells undergo extensive epigenetic modifications during differentiation to become a mature spermatozoon. Epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and chromatin remodeling are substantial regulators of spermatogenesis.
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Dates Publication Date : December 1, Year , Volume 8 , Issue 3, Pages 29 - 35 Zotero Mendeley EndNote. Epigenetic Mechanisms and Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Epigenetic mechanisms provide heritable changes in gene expression and chromatin organization in the eukaryotic cells. Abnormal epigenetic mechanisms particularly play a key role in many different diseases, such as hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma HCC is both genetic and epigenetic disease and is located in the third place in cancer related deaths worldwide.
Hepatocarcinogenesis is constituted by a complex, multistep process. These mechanisms can affect directly the expression of oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes and other tumor-related genes and alter the pathways in cancer development. Furthermore, down-regulation of these genes in HCC is induced by promoter hypermethylation or posttranslational deregulation.
The role of these epigenetic mechanisms in hepatocarcinogenesis provide new therapeutic approaches for HCC. In this review, the results of recent studies related with epigenetic mechanisms in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma have been summarized. Hepatocellular carcinoma. Lancet ;— Center MM, Jemal A. International trends in liver can- cer incidence rates. I, Leggett B. A, MacDonald G.
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Aberrant promot- er methylation profiles of tumor suppressor genes in hepatocellular carcinoma. Am J Pathol ;— Persistent infection of hepatitis B virus is involved in high rate of p16 methylation in hepatocellular carcinoma. Mol Carcinog ;— Clin Cancer Res ;— J Hepatol ;— Mol Carcinogenesis ;— Genome-wide hypomethylation in hepatocellular car- cinogenesis. Cancer Res ;— Allis C. L Epige- netics. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. The fundamental role of epigenetic events in cancer.
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The role of epigenetics in spermatogenesis Epigenetigin spermatogenezdeki rolu
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BAŞKENT ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ (BÜSBİD)
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Epigenetic mechanisms in the development of psychiatric disorders Epigenetics is defined as the study of heritable changes of gene function that occur without a change in the nucleotide sequence of DNA.
Psikiyatrik Hastal›klar›n Gelifliminde Epigenetik Mekanizmalar