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Professor Sullivan is on the faculty at Northern Arizona University, and is quite active as a chamber and orchestral musician. This is a logical, well organized collection, and contains a wide range of exercises. Professor Sullivan addresses this in an Acknowledgement page. A concerted effort has been made not to duplicate his original flow study patterns in this book. For those who studied with Mr. Cichowicz, perhaps this book can be used to supplement his original patterns.
For those who never had the opportunity to study with Mr. Cichowicz, perhaps this volume can help to promote the idea of flow. It is with respect to the immeasurable teaching legacy of Mr. Cichowicz that these flow patterns are offered for the benefit of all horn players. Flow Studies for Horn is divided into three main types of patterns; slow, medium, and fast, though there is considerable variety within each section.
The author suggests practicing the studies in a rotation, playing two studies from each section per day. By following this schedule, a player can cover the entire book in one week — once the patterns have been learned, of course. Many of the patterns can be sight read easily, although the fast studies will require some working out at slower speeds.
The author has intentionally omitted dynamic and metronome markings, so that players can vary the specifics to suit their own needs. One could also extend the patterns higher or lower Doug points this out in his preface , or even play them down an octave or in different transpositions for variety.
I also think portions of this collection could work very well as a warm-up routine. Most of them are in the middle range, and the slow and medium studies especially force the player to focus on good tone production and breath control. In addition to the rotation noted above, one other way to practice the studies is to focus on a single pattern, but gradually decrease the tempo — in the case of the slow studies — or increase the tempo — for the fast studies.
Flow Studies for Horn is a great addition to other existing materials, and provides a fun yet rigorous set of exercises for improving tone quality, breath control, and overall technique.
Cichowicz Flow Studies
These simple exercises are known and used by trumpet players all over the world. They were originally a creation of Vincent Cichowicz, one of the great trumpet players and teachers of the last century. They are perfect because they start in an easy register and slowly move outward, expanding not only in range but also in length. They may seem easy to play, however, doing them correctly takes lots of practice, but will really develop your sound and singing ability on the trumpet. I can listen to someone playing these, and really know a lot about where they are in their trumpet development. What I listen for is: 1.
Cichowicz Flow Studies Volume 1
The bracketed numbers tell you the precise instrumentation of the ensemble. The first number stands for Flute , the second for Oboe , the third for Clarinet , the fourth for Bassoon , and the fifth separated from the woodwinds by a dash is for Horn. Sometimes there are instruments in the ensemble other than those shown above. Whenever this occurs, we will separate the first four digits with commas for clarity. Thus a double reed quartet of 2 oboes, english horn and bassoon will look like this:.