FONDAMENTI DI ELETTRONICA ZAPPA PDF

The programme, of increasing complexity moving from the B. L ELN to the M. LM ELN , aims at preparing students to employ, design and innovate the electron devices and the electronic circuits and systems which are today an essential part of everyday life in a variety of forms and applications. Electronics Engineering is the irreplaceable and enabling base of all current and future technologies of the Information Age, in the various aspects of life, work, knowledge and modern society.

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The programme, of increasing complexity moving from the B. L ELN to the M. LM ELN , aims at preparing students to employ, design and innovate the electron devices and the electronic circuits and systems which are today an essential part of everyday life in a variety of forms and applications. Electronics Engineering is the irreplaceable and enabling base of all current and future technologies of the Information Age, in the various aspects of life, work, knowledge and modern society.

As known, scientific research and market development in electronic technologies are continuous, incessant, and increasingly stimulated by the most disparate and demanding applications. For example, microprocessors are always faster and more powerful while consuming lower and lower power; memories are increasingly denser and faster, defect-free and with long-endurance.

They both are just a few of the indispensable electronic components of any computerized and processing system, without which smart machines and robots would not exist and would be just science-fiction.

Moreover, semiconductor ultrasensitive and miniaturized sensors, continuously interacting with each other and with the outside world, in the most refined robotic systems and in extensively distributed networks, are essential for acquiring the real world, controlling it, understanding it, managing it, and implementing actions; without such electronic devices, machines would never be autonomous and interacting with them would just be virtual.

Eventually, Electronics is not only changing our everyday life, it also revolutionizing the industry, paving the way to robotics, self-driving cars, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Internet-of-Things, and so on.

The jobs of the future will be markedly affected by the extensive resources and possibilities offered by Electronics and mastering this discipline will be a fundamental requirement for innovation and prosperity. Thanks to the acquired electronic skills and circuit and system design methodologies, the Electronics Engineer will guide the evolution of Electronics in coming years and will apply Electronics to the various application scenarios, in the most diversified technological fields and commercial markets, with competence and professionalism.

The solid engineering foundations acquired both in the B. L ELN and in the M. The goal of the B. L ELN and of the M. LM ELN Course of Studies is to train professionals with rich and solid scientific, technological and engineering background, which combine the physical-chemical-mathematical aspects of the most advanced sciences, with the technological impact of electronic disciplines, with the qualitative and quantitative engineering capabilities of developing applications, devising innovative electronic products and systems, integrating them in the most varied application fields, often opening up new markets, inventing new areas of use, and improving the overall life quality.

Electronic products, from the simplest consumer devices to advanced electronic systems for control and automation, communications, information systems, biomedical instrumentation, power generation and storage equipment, avionics, mechatronic systems and satellites, and so on, have become the back bone to any aspect of life, at such an extent that by now we take for granted their existence and performance; instead, without such electronic systems there would be no modern world.

It is only thanks to the continuous presence of students, undergraduates and new Electronics Engineers that the design and innovation of electronic devices, electronic circuits, appliances, and electronic systems will foster the fundamental building blocks in all areas of modern life, for all the "smart-" smart cyber-physical systems, smart industries, smart manufacturing, smart living, smart mobility, smart lighting, smart cities, smart communities, smart aging, etc.

The Electronics Engineer is the one who conceives, develops and manufactures such systems, validates them experimentally, installs them into the end-user application, often modelling at first the physical reality, which the electronic systems will interact with, to understand, describe, foresee, verify all the interactions with other mechanical, electrical, energy, information, biological, clinical, physical, chemical, nuclear environments.

It is a refined and multifaceted professional figure, not confined within his world, but oriented to a continuous interaction with customers and users of such systems, and with a propulsive drive towards reliable innovation, aimed at improving performance not just of what is electronic the device, the circuit, the system, the instrumentation, etc.

For example, electronics in communication systems have allowed the explosion of cellular communications, satellite connections and "quantum communications". In conclusion, the goal of the Study Programme in Electronics Engineering is to provide education for new minds in one of the most technologically advanced and exciting fields of Engineering and to train the professionals who will change the way we live and work in the future to come.

These students in Electronics will represent and extraordinary resource, able to create innovation in the most diversified fields, thanks to solid engineering foundations. The highly interdisciplinary nature of Electronics ELN requires a widespread and solid scientific and technical preparation.

Its fundamentals are provided by Study Programme in Electronics Engineering, through the three-years Bachelor's Degree L, Laurea , which allows students to learn the most relevant basic concepts in the field of Electronics and to acquire skills good enough for a rapid employment in the industry. Then, more advanced concepts and refined skills are provided through the two-year M.

LM, Laurea Magistrale , which allow students to master every aspect of the design, development and employment of electron devices and of electronic circuits and systems. Doctor of Philosophy programme. The basic disciplines of engineering mathematics, geometry, classical and modern physics, chemistry, programming are taught in the first three semesters of the L ELN.

In this phase, students acquire the fundamentals of the scientific disciplines that constitute the essential and mandatory part of any engineering programme.

In the following semester, students meet the first Electronics-related courses analog electronics, digital electronic systems, electron devices, solid state electronics, optoelectronics, sensors and electronic instrumentation, microcontrollers.

In the last semester of L ELN, students who do not wish to continue their studies with the LM ELN may undertake an internship in one of the many companies active in the field of Electronics. This will allow them to acquire specific professional skills enabling a soft transition toward the job market.

Electronics Engineering has been taught at POLIMI over decades, thus allowing to refine and optimize the teaching methods, the delivery of important topics, and the verification of the learning and preparation skills acquired by students. Moreover, complex problems can be faced and solved through their decomposition, simplification and modelling. E, the student will acquire the experience and self-esteem necessary for continuous post-graduate education, necessary for the Engineer to keep skills up-to-date in Electronics and all related fields, always in continuous and often disruptive evolution.

Both in the L ELN and in the LM ELN, the student will improve the ability to communicate and disseminate both in writing and in speaking form, not only within peer working groups but also to the outside world and to customers. These three levels can be attended and passed only sequentially. The studying and training completed at one level allow either the entry and employment into the labour world or the continuation of studies into the next level.

The highest level is the Ph. Students who do not intend to continue their studies can opt for an internship within one of the many Companies in the Electronics and ICT Information and Communication Technology areas, with the aim of acquiring specific professional skills in view of the transition to the employment world. Those who want to continue through the Master of Science, second level Laurea Magistrale , instead of the internship will attend courses and laboratories during the L ELN aimed at boosting the competences in analytical modelling, calculus, and simulation methodologies.

The Laurea Magistrale in Electronics Engineering LM ELN lasting two years, provides thorough and cutting-edge competences on the most advanced aspects of modern electronics design and system integration, aimed at making the student acquire a robust design know-how, competent decision making, aware and versatile problem solving attitude, to develop, prototype, validate and integrate projects of extreme complexity. In fact, the LM ELN provides the student with tools and skills required for integrated microelectronic circuit design, of digital, analog, mixed-signal, and radio frequency circuitry and instrumentation, for the development of micro- and nano-electronic semiconductor devices, for the design of micro-electro-mechanical systems, photonic sensors, optoelectronics, radiation detectors, and for the deployment of innovative electronic instrumentation for telecommunications, medicine, nanotechnology, biology, and for the creation of sophisticated ICT hybrid systems for automation, intelligent vehicles, robotics, avionics.

By means of the LM ELN, the student will develop a considerable design expertise, suitable to successfully face the challenges of innovation, research and development in technologically advanced manufacturing areas, where Electronics represents the enabling technology.

This second level degree is finalized with a dissertation thesis activity, in which the student participates personally in the research and development activity on-going by POLIMI teachers and researchers in their research labs, or in collaboration with Industries or with other Universities and Research Centres in Italy and all over the world.

The Dottorato di Ricerca Ph. The Ph. The main objective of the Research Doctorate is to further boost and foster the theoretical, experimental and methodological skills necessary for leading roles in the innovation and the management of engineering technologies through all its technical, economic, and human aspects.

Information on the Ph. The qualification grants access to "Laurea Magistrale" 2nd degree , "Corso di Specializzazione di primo livello" 1st level Specialization Course and "Master Universitario di primo livello" 1st level University Master. The Bachelor's program provides students with a broad scientific and technological education along with a solid foundation in electronic engineering. Graduates are able to develop and use electronic methods and tools with an engineering mindset to address common problems over a wide spectrum of applications.

Among them, notably, industrial controls, communication, detectors and sensors, electronic instrumentation. Graduates from the second-level Laurea Magistrale in Electronics Engineering LM ELN have also practiced operational training, which enables them to select and employ electron devices and electronic circuits in various application fields, from industrial controls to communications, from microsensors to electronic instrumentation, from optoelectronics to electromagnetism.

The employment opportunities of graduates in Electronics Engineering are extremely broad, including the following sectors:. In addition to all this, note how the professional figures in the area of Electronics Engineering also appear in countless other sectors essential for large industries and medium and small businesses in various fields, such as mechanics, avionics, clinics, transport, etc.

In all those, the Electronics Engineer is needed to develop advanced technologies in which electronic devices and circuits acquire greater importance not only as instrumentation and control equipment, but also in conferring added value and "smartness" and programmability to the final product.

By virtue of the solid training acquired, the renowned reputation of POLIMI and its excellent geo-economical location, graduates in Electronics Engineering at POLIMI find prompt employment in the job market and in the desired sectors with the desired assignments and salary. There is no risk of not finding a job or of finding it in unwanted assignments and makeshift tasks.

In the Italian context, the Lombardy area has no competitors in terms of concentration, number, quality and leadership of the companies in Electronics and high-tech fields. The professional figure of the first-level Electronics Engineer L ELN is characterized by solid engineering fundamentals and by specific skills on devices, circuits and electronic systems for signal acquisition, filtering, and processing, for control, decision-making, transduction, and actuation, for communication, and sharing through information systems.

These skills are such as to allow graduates to enter the job market with an adequate methodological, analytical and design knowledge to operate with competence and professionalism in the many areas employing electronic instrumentation, control boards, systems, and hybrid apparatus.

The first-level Electronics Engineering Laurea L ELN graduate has acquired both scientific and technological knowledge, specifically engineering and electronics, with operational and experimental training, which enable him to use circuit simulators, and electronic systems, in various application fields, ranging from industrial control to communication, passing through sensors and electronic instrumentation.

Numerous statistics and surveys confirm that the mature professional figures of the Electronics Engineer are desirable in many areas, even in the industries different from the pure Electronic ones, such as the mechanics, aeronautics, biomedical apparatuses, machineries, etc.. Despite the "Electronics" label is not as high-sounding and visionary as others, the industry continues to recognize, and often to prefer, this solid, well-assessed, and renowned degree.

In fact, the Milan area compares extremely well with the whole Italian territory for the concentration, number and quality of Companies in the area. The quality of the education is also demonstrated by the success that many L ELN graduates met in the international arena, thanks to their skills and their knowhow, in companies and research centres of worldwide prestige. Italian secondary school leaving qualification or other comparable foreign qualification level 4 EQF.

According to the D. It is aimed at ascertaining the aptitude and preparation to the studies. For more information: www.

The entry On-Line Test TOL verifies the possession of an adequate basic preparation in mathematics, in physics and sciences, and in verbal comprehension.

The knowledge of English is also required, and it is verified through standard certificates equal to level B1 of the CEF Common European Framework , as indicated in the yearly Educational Regulations and in the Guide to Enrolment, through the description of the topics that are part of the admission test.

The tutoring support was established by Law n. The School of Industrial and Information Engineering offers a series of activities aimed at making university studies more effective and productive, with the help of both tutors and student tutors, the latter selected through specific Call for Tender competitions that POLIMI publishes annually.

As specified in the academic regulations, credits are required to obtain the B. Specifically, at least 50 credits are required for courses in the basic disciplines mathematics, physics, chemistry.. The Course requires full time attendance and includes, besides personal study, classroom and laboratory activities. This allows the formation of dimensionally homogeneous classes and a simplified transfer of students from one study programme to another if they wish so, upon regular re-enrolment compliant to the prescribed procedure.

The organization of the studies is semi-annual: some courses are offered in the first semester approximately between mid-September and December holidays , others in the second semester approximately between the end of February and the beginning of June. During the semester there may be intermediate exam tests, if foreseen by the teacher, on the part of the topics covered in that teaching up to that moment the so-called "prove in itinere". The exam sessions are planned by the School across a period of about weeks after the end of the semesters.

A third time window dedicated to the exams, lasting about 3 weeks, is scheduled between the end of August and the beginning of September. The table below shows the general structure of the Study Programme. In the first three semesters, teachings are focused on the development of both the mathematical-formal skills of the student and the understanding of physic-chemical phenomenology.

On the other hand, in the last three semesters, when these skills have been sufficiently assimilated, specific teachings about Electronics and other lessons on complementary subjects are provided, to complete and integrate the student's engineering knowledge. Information on the dates of the courses, the weeks of teaching interruption, and the periods dedicated to exams can be found in the Academic Calendar.

Relevant and more specific information regarding the organization of each individual teaching along with the syllabus of the course is provided in the webpage of the course itself, in the website of the School of Industrial and Information Engineering www. In order to let teaching be more effective and, therefore, to assist the student to comprehend, assimilate and master the subjects, various Innovative Education D.

These innovative D. Action 1 activities are curricular, i. Action 2 activities are extracurricular, i. Action 2 activities can consist of:. Furthermore, in the next academic years other Innovative Education D.

The Consiglio di Corso di Studi CCS, Degree Programme Council proposes a list of courses, reported in the last box of the table above, which are a priori considered consistent with the training programme, and then are automatically approved by the on-line system, when selected in the Study Plan by the student. Students wishing to choose other teachings than those proposed are therefore invited to contact in advance the delegate of the Commissione dei Piani di Studio Study Program Commission : www.

Several courses include laboratory activities, which will be developed in computer equipped rooms or in experimental laboratories. Research at POLIMI proceeds alongside the extensive network of cooperative relationships and connections with other Italian and international Universities, with public and private research Centres, and with Industries.

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