Neumann was one of the only early Frankfurt School thinkers to examine seriously the problem of political institutions. After the rise of the Nazis to power, his emphasis shifted to an analysis of economic power, and then after the war to political psychology. But his contributions in Behemoth were groundbreaking: that the Nazi organization of society involved the collapse of traditional ideas of the state, of ideology, of law, and even of any underlying rationality. The country-wide rebellion that was kicked off by the police murder of George Floyd continues to grow, as across the US people hit the streets in solidarity. Mass demonstrations, freeway shut
|Published (Last):||24 April 2016|
|PDF File Size:||4.15 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.94 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Behemoth by Franz Leopold Neumann. Get A Copy. Library Binding , 0 pages.
Published October 28th by Buccaneer Books first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.
To ask other readers questions about Behemoth , please sign up. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 4. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Feb 01, sologdin rated it really liked it Shelves: condemned-to-repeat-it-apparently , fascists-wtf , law , leftwing-theory , wurstchen.
It is overall very well accomplished. Draws as much from journalist reports as from published legal texts. Very much a text of the Frankfurt school. Contrary to post-war critics of totalitarianism typically from the rightwing end of liberalism , Schmitt theorized Romanic v.
The enabling act of 24 March is the enthronement of this doctrine. One such parallel party organization is the SS i. Fuhrerprinzip is introduced with some discussion of Luther and Calvin no shit , which is generally kickass Long sections on race doctrine and the doctrine of greater German empire. We see in the latter the normal attack on liberalism from the right, i. Part II: disagrees that the Third Reich is state capitalism or bureaucratic collectivism Text really shines in its presentation of the economic organizations, which is quickly bewildering, in its cartels horizontal organization , trusts vertical organizations , groups am still not sure exactly what a group is , and combines apparently mega-firms that span many industries, whereas cartels, trusts, and groups are local to the steel industry, or the coal industry, or the salt industry, or whatever.
This type of organization is to be considered autonomous to industry, i. Cartelization became compulsory by statute in July So the inference to draw from this is: anti-liberalism i. Much like the economic statutes in Lemkin, the regulation on display here very detailed minutiae! This means that Aryanization and Germanization of capital may involve expropriation, but not socialization, as properties taken from Jewish owners and enemies of the Reich were distributed to monopolists or to the Party --not the public or the state.
Neumann sets these areas of inquiry up as antitheses to his thesis regarding totalitarian monopoly capitalism, and then produces the synthesis, which involves tracking these command economy elements through four stages initial power, the Schacht plan, the Four Year Plan, and the war planning. Much very specific analysis of capital accounts, joint stock holdings, and other indicators.
As to state activity, it is small compared to the whole. Regarding party activity, it is presented as US gangsterism, wherein the criminal conspiracy attempts to become legitimate through investment of criminal proceeds into real industry ff.
Price controls is reeled in by noting that this by no means abolished the market, and acts as a means of destroying small firms to the benefit of the cartels ff. As for foreign trade, presents the nifty idea that NSDAP is not autarkic by doctrine, but merely as a preparation for war ff.
The four competing groups army, party, bureaucracy, industry participate in this process. Bureaucratization of the economy entails the complete depersonalization of all property relations. This all brushes against the grain of Dimitrov and Dutt, incidentally--but that's to be expected, as this is Frankfurt marxism. Perhaps a bit inconsistent with the commentary on feudalism, supra, though! Nonetheless, many such estates, referenced as latifundia at times by author, were subject to some sort of sequestration, as described in detail by Lemkin for the occupied territories ff.
To whom could they give it, after all? This thesis builds on the discussion of international law in the Third Reich, which argued against the Third Reich being a state proper ff. Thorough presentation herein of the labor movement from Weimar to the Third Reich, all damned interesting. Extremely strong section on the transformation of the legal system into a system of individualistic arbitrariness Concludes with a discussion of the hobbesian Behemoth.
Denies that there is a coherent political ideology, but merely opportunistic pragmatism, cynical and nihilistic Part IIII: updates all sections extremely concretely through View all 6 comments.
This book offers an extremely well-informed analysis of the organization of Nazi Germany; it could have appeared in the late s after decades of extensive archive searches, interviews, perhaps some first-hand experience, and bullying at least a dozen starved Ph. The truly amazing thing is that it was published in the United States in Neumann is an intelligent Marxist. He subscribes to the viewpoint of historic materialism in the sense that major historic developments are sh This book offers an extremely well-informed analysis of the organization of Nazi Germany; it could have appeared in the late s after decades of extensive archive searches, interviews, perhaps some first-hand experience, and bullying at least a dozen starved Ph.
He subscribes to the viewpoint of historic materialism in the sense that major historic developments are shaped by material usually economic circumstances. It would be all too easy to ascribe totalitarianism to a small number of deviant personalities; in fact it would be dead wrong, taking into account that totalitarian dictatorships developed simultaneously in a relatively large number of industrial nations.
He begins by observing that National Socialism is not organized, in the sense that there is no coherent underlying philosophy or plan.
Hitler and his immediate circle have often spoken and acted contrary to the ideas and intentions stated in Mein Kampf. In fact, practical National Socialism since has consisted of little more than a sequence of opportunistic responses to the challenges of the moment, an imitation of the forms of rational behaviour without internal consistency or even without meaning. The real explanation, Neumann argues, lies not in published books and articles but in the economics of German industry.
The elite of Germany after is composed of four groups: party, burocracy, army and industry. Although outwardly the party appears to control the three others, actual party policy is more often than not dictated by the other three. German industry especially has undergone a major structural change since WWI and under the Weimar republic; competition has been replaced with cartels, trusts and de facto monopolies.
The Nazi policy, rather than discouraging such collusion as the Americans did starting with the Sherman Act , stimulated industrial collaboration. Neuman demonstrates how seemingly illogical German policies since can always be explained by the interests of major industrial manufacturing cartels.
Even the war itself emerges as a necessary consequence of the need to combine industrial expansion with low inflation. I am not in a position to judge the correctness of this thesis. Perhaps the Marxist perspective has led the author to conveniently ignore important contingencies and specific aspects of early 20th-century German education and consciousness.
This does not diminish the interest of the book and the wealth of information and observation it offers. Jan 19, Roman Baiduk rated it it was amazing. Behemoth is one of these books on History that gives you a fresh perspective on the modern events. Neumann made a scrupulous vivisection of the Nazi regime, analyzing it not only as a political scientist but also as a legal scholar.
The light that Behemoth is one of these books on History that gives you a fresh perspective on the modern events. The light that was shed on the various techniques of the mass manipulation used by Nazis could definitely be used nowadays to find a path from the abyss of populism in the modern politics. I only read parts of this book for a seminar I was doing. I just want to say: if you're interested in the history of Nazis and you're like: a normal American person, this is not the starting place.
This is incredibly detailed, incredibly dry, incredibly tedious. I'm sure it's useful for folks who are deep deep in but Nov 10, Xhi rated it it was amazing Shelves: weltbildzermalmer. Wer Struktur, Praxis und Verflechtungen des Dritten Reichs mit anglo-amerikanischen Wirtschaftsinteressen verstehen will, sollte nicht nur die bis heute unwiderlegten Arbeiten von Anthony C. Sutton studieren, sondern auch und vor allem dieses Standardwerk Neumanns. Joel Aaltonen rated it really liked it Sep 15, Kevin rated it really liked it May 31, Tim rated it really liked it Feb 13, Vernon Ferguson rated it really liked it Apr 29,
Behemoth: The Structure & Practice of National Socialism, 1933-1944
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover.
Search All 1 Records in Our Collections
Search below to view digital records and find material that you can access at our library and at the Shapell Center. These additional online resources from the U. Holocaust Memorial Museum will help you learn more about the Holocaust and research your family history. The Holocaust Encyclopedia provides an overview of the Holocaust using text, photographs, maps, artifacts, and personal histories. Research family history relating to the Holocaust and explore the Museum's collections about individual survivors and victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes.
Behemoth: The structure and practice of National Socialism, 1933-1944 - Franz Neumann
Franz Leopold Neumann. Franz Neumann's classic account of the governmental workings of Nazi Germany, first published in , is reprinted in a new paperback edition with an introduction by the distinguished historian Peter Hayes. Neumann was one of the only early Frankfurt School thinkers to examine seriously the problem of political institutions. After the rise of the Nazis to power, his emphasis shifted to an analysis of economic power, and then after the war to political psychology. But his contributions in Behemoth were groundbreaking: that the Nazi organization of society involved the collapse of traditional ideas of the state, of ideology, of law, and even of any underlying rationality. The book must be studied, not simply read, Raul Hilberg wrote. The most experienced researchers will tell us that the scarcest commodity in academic life is an original idea.