To compete and thrive in the 21st century, democracies, and the United States in particular, must develop new national security and economic strategies that address the geopolitics of information. In this century, democracies must better account for information geopolitics across all dimensions of domestic policy and national strategy. This process has to be examined in the context of the current strategic competition between China and the U. This originally apeared as an Issue Memo pp. In late , Congress passed intelligence reform legislation that led to the most significant reorganization of the IC in decades.
|Published (Last):||26 June 2005|
|PDF File Size:||18.56 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.91 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
To compete and thrive in the 21st century, democracies, and the United States in particular, must develop new national security and economic strategies that address the geopolitics of information. In this century, democracies must better account for information geopolitics across all dimensions of domestic policy and national strategy. This process has to be examined in the context of the current strategic competition between China and the U.
This originally apeared as an Issue Memo pp. In late , Congress passed intelligence reform legislation that led to the most significant reorganization of the IC in decades. More than four years after passage of the legislation, members of the th Congress will likely need to assess the effectiveness of the reform legislation. It was only after al-Qaeda attacked the U. Several bipartisan and independent commissions reviewed the state of the IC and identified several areas for reform:.
Reform efforts initially met some resistance from some members of Congress. Recognizing the value of information sharing to promote national security objectives, the ODNI created:. Per requirements levied in the intelligence reform legislation, the ODNI initiated several initiatives to improve and streamline the IC's use of human capital:.
The report stated:. December Report on the U. Walker, David M. Confrontation or Collaboration? Congress and the Intelligence Community. Audio - Acast. Audio - War on the Rocks. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA Quarterly Journal: International Security. The Geopolitics of Information. People Power Is Rising in Africa. The authors analyze the trend of nonviolent overthrows of dictatorships in Africa. The Triangle in the Long Game. Summer Newsletter Photos. Photos from the Summer Belfer Center newsletter.
Authors: Eric Rosenbach Aki J. Peritz July This memo provides an overview of intelligence reform efforts since Several bipartisan and independent commissions reviewed the state of the IC and identified several areas for reform: Central Leadership : The Director of Central Intelligence DCI lacked the institutional or budgetary power to lead, direct, and coordinate efforts across the IC. Information Sharing : Bureaucratic structures and complex policies impeded, even prevented, sharing of important intelligence among the IC and other government agencies, particularly law-enforcement organizations.
This highlighted the need for these communities to transform from a culture of "need-to-know" to one of a "responsibility-to-provide. Collection and Analysis : Multiple investigations revealed weakness in the IC's human intelligence HUMINT collection efforts and cited the need for greater integration of analysis and collection disciplines.
Human Capital : The number of people working in intelligence had atrophied since the Cold War. While well-positioned for an enemy like the Soviet Union, the profile of a generic intelligence analyst had not evolved culturally, demographically, or linguistically to target diverse threats in a new environment.
Some expressed concern that a national intelligence director with control of defense intelligence assets could interfere in the chain of command between the Secretary of Defense and field commanders.
The Bush administration, however, supported the legislation and pushed for compromises that protected the Pentagon's authorities while still creating the needed national intelligence authority to focus, guide, and coordinate the IC. IRTPA established interagency centers, aligning analysis, collection, and operations from IC entities together under one roof to foster collaboration. Government including law enforcement , the private sector, and foreign allies, bridges the gap between foreign and domestic intelligence responsibilities and fosters sharing of timely and actionable terrorism information.
Rather than creating a new information sharing system, ISE aligns and improves existing structures and facilitates integration through initiatives such as state and local fusion centers. Collaborative Technology Tools : ODNI continues to develop online applications to foster a culture of collaboration and improved information sharing. The and Day Plans for Integration and Collaboration : These task-oriented documents serve as a roadmap for implementation of the NIS, focusing on initiatives such as transforming collection and analysis, implementing best business practices, and enhancing information sharing and collaboration.
Mission Managers : These high-level intelligence executives serve as the manager of intelligence efforts focusing on key hard targets like Iran, North Korea and terrorism. The mission managers identify key information requirements and then design strategies to improve collection and analytic efforts to answer those requirements.
This enterprise initiative was followed by the establishment of the National Intelligence Civilian Compensation Program. Mirrored after the Goldwater-Nichols concept of "jointness" in the military, the IC Joint Duty Program requires IC employees to complete a month rotation in another agency as a prerequisite for promotion to senior ranks, demonstrating an emphasis on interagency cooperation in the IC's future leadership.
Security Clearance Improvement : Because the process of obtaining security clearances was complicated and redundant, the IRTPA called for reciprocity between clearances at the same level and established entities to manage the clearance process and conduct clearance investigations.
Increased Integration of Collection and Analysis : Linking collectors and analysts to further refine information requirements is an IC priority. Such closer collaboration fosters not only a greater sense of community and information sharing but also increases precision and clarity in analytic assessments for policymakers because analysts better understand limits in collection and information.
Bureaucratic Bloat : While most experts agree that a central leader dedicated to managing the whole of the IC is valuable, the ODNI may have grown too quickly and too large. Downloads Intelligence Reform. For more information on this publication: Belfer Communications Office. The Authors. Aki J. David Ignatius May 28, To understand the protests that have erupted across the U. More on Security. Jeh Johnson. What is required of our national leadership right now is recognition that the grievance is valid and real, Jeh Johnson said.
More from Jeh Johnson. More from Joel Clement. Brooks Jun 04, Lynn-Jones March Bollfrass March View the discussion thread. Belfer Center Email Updates.
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
A wide range of problems has contributed to the unease currently pervading the Intelligence Community;  a significant number of the most serious result from shortcomings in intelligence analysis rather than from defects in collection, organization, or management. The logic of this study differs from most of those recommendations with respect to both causes and corrective measures. Most importantly, these observations lead to the conclusion that the serious shortcomings—with particular focus on analytic failures—stem from dysfunctional behaviors and practices within the individual agencies and are not likely to be remedied either by structural changes in the organization of the community as a whole or by increased authorities for centralized community managers. Those key observations, which follow, provide the conceptual foundation for this study. There has been a series of serious strategic intelligence failures. Intelligence support to military operations SMO has been reasonably successful in meeting the challenges on the tactical battlefield of locating, identifying, and targeting adversary units for main force engagements. Similar progress in supporting counterterrorism operations has been claimed.
Civil Liberties Privacy Office
Bush , that broadly affects United States federal terrorism laws. The act comprises several separate titles with varying subject issues. It was enacted in response to the terror attacks of September 11, Senator Susan M. Collins of Maine. Bush signed the Act on December 17, , making it law.
The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA)
If you would like to not see this alert again, please click the "Do not show me this again" check box below. These duties include ensuring that the programs and policies of the United States Intelligence Community appropriately incorporate protections of civil liberties and privacy. In addition, under Section of the Act which Congress amended in , the Civil Liberties Protection Officer oversees the issuance of reports regarding the activities of the office, including the types of reviews undertaken and the disposition of complaints received. Copies of these reports are provided to Congressional oversight committees, the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, and are made available to the public in an unclassified format. The Act specifically prohibits reprisal against individuals who submit complaints to a privacy or civil liberties officer. When appropriate, the Civil Liberties Protection Officer may refer complaints to the Office of Inspector General having responsibility for the affected element of the department or agency of the intelligence community to conduct an investigation under paragraph 3 of subsection b.
The updated Executive Order directs the Intelligence Community to produce timely, accurate, and insightful intelligence with special emphasis on the threats posed by international terrorism and the spread of weapons of mass destruction. The revised Executive Order will accelerate efforts to build a more effective Intelligence Community capable of providing the President and his advisors with information necessary to defend our national and homeland security. With the benefit of more than three years of experience with the IRTPA structures, the President concluded this was an opportune time to update and revise Executive Order The Executive Order clarifies the responsibilities and strengthens the authorities of the DNI in important ways. The DNI will set goals for the conduct of the Nation's intelligence activities by, among other things, issuing guidelines governing collection, analysis, and intelligence sharing and formulating policies to guide our intelligence relationships with foreign countries.